Back to Next Generation

Robert Collier


Robert Collier

Posts by Robert Collier

Energy & Climate

Part 4: Monterey Shale: Twice as polluting as Keystone XL?

Much of California’s current petroleum output is categorized as heavy or extra-heavy oil, meaning it is more viscous and requires more energy and time to refine into fuel than lighter grades of crude. In many ways, it is similar to the thick “bitumen” petroleum that comprises Alberta’s tar sands.

Energy & Climate

Production methods: a primer

Predictions for California’s oil industry emissions are also complicated by the lack of clarity about which production methods will be used, and at what depth. Some of these variables could make the Monterey Shale output cleaner than current California crudes, while others would make it dirtier.

Energy & Climate

Part 1: Distracted by Fracking?

Acidizing is a powerful oil production technique that could lead to an oil boom in California's Monterey Shale, but little is known about its potential risks.